Master, Grandmaster, and Challenger: The Apex Tiers

Welcome to the top of the food chain. To reach any of the top three ranked tiers in League of Legends is an incredible accomplishment and proves without a doubt you're among the best players in the world. 

Of all competitive ranked players, only 0.12% are Master tier, 0.029% are Grandmaster tier, and just 0.013% achieve the ultimate title of Challenger tier. (These numbers vary slightly season to season, but you get the idea!)

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This guide will summarize everything you need to know about the Apex tiers including promotion, demotion, decay, and other expectations. Some of this information also applies to the other Ranked tiers, so check out these articles to learn more about the following:

Key Differences for Apex Players

With < 1% of players ever reaching this level of competitive gameplay, the rules and systems in place are a bit different for Apex ranks. 

For starters, Master, Grandmaster, and Challenger tiers are a single division league. Once you climb into Master, it’s you versus every Apex ranked player in town. Players can reach Master by way of Solo/Duo or Flex queue, but there are a few important changes to know once you get there.

Solo Queue Limitations

Master, Grandmaster, and Challenger players can only queue up alone for ranked solo/duo queue. 

Flex Queue Limitations

Master, Grandmaster, and Challenger players can play Flex queue solo, duo, or in teams of 3 or 5. You cannot, however, queue with any player ranked below Platinum.

Apex Rank Decay & Banked Days

The Master, Grandmaster, and Challenger tiers are all subject to rank decay, which is a -250 LP per-day penalty against inactivity. Apex players can prevent decay by playing games and earning banked days.

Banked days are how many decay events can pass before you start losing LP (with 1 decay event happening each night). You can see how many banked days you have in the Ranked tab of your in-client Player Profile.

Master, Grandmaster, and Challenger players bank 1 day per 1 game played and can bank a maximum of 10 days at a time. On top of needing to meet the LP requirements mentioned below, this means most Apex players are playing ranked games nearly every day to maintain their position.  

For example

If an Apex player has 0 banked days and is about to go on a 10-day vacation, they’ll have to play 10 ranked games the day before they leave in order to earn the 10 banked days that will protect their LP from decay while they’re gone.

Please note that rank decay still occurs even when your account is banned!

IMPORTANT

Decay is cycled one last time on the final day of the season (decay happens at 11:45 p.m., then season ends at 12:00 a.m., for example), so we recommend having at least 1 more banked day than there are days remaining in the season.

Apex Promotion, Demotion, and LP Requirements

Unlike the non-Apex tiers, movement between Master, Grandmaster, and Challenger is much more fluid, with players moving up and down between them on a daily basis. Once you reach Master, your goal is to keep winning games and collect enough LP to overtake other Apex players, while meeting the tier and regional requirements needed to climb. 

The Grandmaster and Challenger Tier standings refresh on a rotating twenty-four hour schedule. Each time the clock hits zero (local time), it recalculates all Master+ players in the same region and reorders them based on who’s met the requirements described below.

There's no upper limit on LP. Players that continue winning will keep earning LP and increase their lead in the standings. You can see the latest MMR leaderboards for your region in the Ranked tab of your in-client Player Profile.

Maximum Number of Players per Region and Tier

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Maximum Number of Players by Tier (BR)

Solo/Duo
Grandmaster 500
Challenger 200
Flex Queue
Grandmaster 500
Challenger 200

Master Tier Promotion & Demotion

Promote by reaching 100 LP and winning your Diamond I promos; you’re protected from demotion for your first three games.

Demote by reaching 0 LP and losing again; you’ll start in Diamond I at 75 LP.

When you first enter Master, you’re protected from losses and cannot be removed for your first three games. Please note that rank decay happens separate from this—you can still demote due to inactivity!

Grandmaster Tier Promotion & Demotion

Promote by reaching 200 LP and gaining more LP than the lowest Grandmaster player in your region.

Demote by falling below 200 LP or by losing more LP than the lowest Grandmaster player in your region.

Challenger Tier Promotion & Demotion

Promote by reaching 500 LP and gaining more LP than the lowest Challenger player in your region.

Demote by falling below 500 LP or by losing more LP than the lowest Challenger player in your region.

Other Ranked Resources

Have questions about other aspects of Ranked? Find the answers in our Ranked FAQ!

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