Ranked FAQ - League of Legends


This year, we're breaking up the ranked season into three splits. Each split lasts for three months. You'll earn Split Points by winning games during the split. Earn enough points, and you'll instantly unlock rewards to show off your progress. Splits don't reset your rank or MMR; those carry on throughout the season with you. Split points are reset at the end of each split, though.

Split Points

After winning a game in any ranked queue during a split, you'll earn split points. Once you earn enough points in a split, you'll earn rewards unique to that split. At the end of the split, your points will reset and a new split will begin. Here's how you earn points:

Victory in Summoner's Rift ranked (Flex or Solo/Duo):

  • 20 points for playing your primary or secondary
  • 25 points for voluntarily playing Fill
  • 30 points if you're autofilled


  • 150 points - Split Icon, themed to the current split
  • 250 points - Split Ranked Regalia, a Regalia upgrade themed to the current split
  • 500 points - Split Emote - Emote themed to the current split. This Emote will upgrade or downgrade to reflect your current rank at all times until the split ends, at which point it locks into the rank you completed the split in
  • 750 points - Eternals Capsule - Capsule with a random Eternal for a champion. When opened, this capsule will provide a random Eternal shard that you do not currently own, for a
    champion in your collection.


Ranked Regalia are rewards you'll earn throughout a season. Regalia comes in three flavors: Armor, Banners, and loading screen updates.

Armor displays your current rank and appears in your profile, the loading screen, and as an optional replacement for your Summoner icon in pre-game lobbies. There's a crown atop each armor display, which denotes your current division.

Banners display your previous season's rank and appear in your profile, the loading screen, and in pre-game lobbies. If you didn't earn rewards last season, your banner will be plain!

Loading screen borders display your current rank for the queue you're in (in normals, this is your highest Summoner's Rift rank). You'll also be able to click players in the loading screen to show more information about their ranked status and champion mastery.

You can opt out of displaying both armor and banners in the icon selection screen. To hide your banner, uncheck "Show Past Ranked Banner", and to hide your armor, select "Prestige Border", which displays based on your level.

Ranked Queues


Here’s where you queue up alone or with a friend, testing your mechanics, game sense, and on-the-fly communication alongside like-minded individuals. It’s your queue if your motto is, “win lane, win game.” Nobody you meet in solo queue will be grouped with more than one other person, so each game is an opportunity to coordinate with fresh allies.

Rating in solo queue is separate from ranked flex, and you’ll earn rewards unique to your solo tier at the end of the season.

Ranked Flex

In the ranked flex queue, you can team up with other players--or go it alone--and expect to play with groups of players focused on teamplay (parties of 4 are disabled for this one). This is the queue where you’ll see cleanly-executed map rotations and coordinated three-man tower pushes. If you’ve got a full five-person team, this is where you’ll compete.

You’ll get unique rewards for your ranked flex tier at the end of the season.

Solo Queue Limitations

When you’re ready to party up with other players for ranked, you’ll need to consider your placement on the ladder. Most players will be able to queue with players within one tier of their rank. During placement matches, you’re restricted based on last season’s rank (the default is Silver tier if you were unranked last season). These restrictions get tighter the higher you go:

  • Iron Tier: Can only queue with Iron, Bronze, and Silver Tier players.
  • Bronze Tier: Can only queue with Iron, Bronze and Silver Tier players.
  • Silver Tier: Can only queue with Iron, Bronze, Silver, and Gold Tier players.
  • Gold Tier: Can only queue with Silver, Gold, and Platinum Tier players.
  • Platinum Tier: Can only queue with Gold players, Platinum players, or Diamond players who are at most two tiers above them (so Plat I can queue with Diamond IV and Diamond III, Plat II can queue with Plat I and Diamond IV, but Plat III can only queue up to Plat I).
  • Diamond: Can queue 2 divisions up or down (so Diamond IV can queue with Plat I, II, and Diamond II, III, etc.).
  • Master Tier and Above: Players in Master tier or above will no longer be able to queue with others in their party. These players will prove themselves as individuals on the ladder.

Flex Queue Limitations

In this queue, you can team up with whoever you'd like in parties of 1,2,3, or 5 players. There are a few things to keep in mind, though. You may not see much of a difference if you're playing with other players around the same MMR as you. However, if you are, say, an Iron IV player and you queue up with a Challenger player, you may find yourself facing tougher opponents.

Placements, Promotions, and Series


Everyone starts off each new ranked season without a rank. The first ten games you play in each queue will place you in a tier and division for that queue. Where you land is based on the outcome of these games, the difficulty of the opponents you faced in these games, and your rank from the previous season and preseason. All players undergo a ‘soft reset’ at the beginning of each season, so your new rank will likely be lower than it was at the end of the previous season.

Promotions and Series

Once you're placed in a division, you'll earn League Points (LP) for each game you win, and lose them for games you lose. Once you collect 100 LP, you'll promote to the next Division of your current Tier.

Tier Promotions

If you are currently in Division I and hit 100 LP, you’ll enter a Promotion Series in order to promote to the next Tier. If you win 3 out of your next 5 games, you’ll promote - and if not, you can climb back to 100 LP again, and you’ll have a free win in your next Promotion Series (or 2, if you’ve lost the series at least twice).

Promotion series up to Gold don’t expire, but the rest do. If you're promoting from Platinum 1 to Diamond 4, or from Diamond 1 to Masters, you'll have 5 days to complete the series. Dodging a promo series counts as a loss.

Promo Helper

If you lose your promos but make it back into your series, you’ll start off with at least one win. This applies to every division and tier up to Gold I, so you’re on your own for promotion into Platinum and above!

In instances where a player elects to dodge a game in a promotion series by leaving during champion select, their account will be ineligible for promo helper upon entering their next series.

Demotions and Decay

There are two possible ways to drop below your current division and tier: decay and demotion. Decay sets in after you don’t play for a long period of time; you will begin to lose LP until you play a match in that queue. Demotion occurs if you lose enough matches at 0 LP in a division or tier.


When you enter a division with Decay active, you’ll be given a number of Banked Days. At the end of each day, your number of Banked Days will decrease by 1, and if you don’t have any, you’ll lose LP instead. However, you can earn more Banked Days by playing games. The amount of Days you get per win, and how much LP you lose when you decay, differs by rank:

For Apex Tier:

  • Banked Days per Game: 1
  • Maximum Banked Days: 10
  • Initial Days Before Decay: 10
  • LP Lost on Decay: 250

For Diamond:

  • Banked Days per Game: 7
  • Maximum Banked Days: 28
  • Initial Days Before Decay: 28
  • LP Lost on Decay: 50

If you fall at or below zero LP as a result of Decay, you'll be placed in the next-lowest division. If you're already in division IV of your tier, you'll fall into the next tier down (for example, Diamond IV to Platinum I).

Decay doesn't occur for players in Iron, Bronze, Silver, Gold, or Platinum.


A particularly bad losing streak may result in dropping a tier or division, though there’s no set number of games that may trigger a demotion. Losing a game at 0 LP will drop you into the next-highest division. If you’re in division IV, you’ll drop a tier if you lose at 0 LP. After a demotion, your LP will be set to 75,.

AFK LP Penalties

Play to win! Seriously. If you are flagged as AFK/Leaver at the end of a Ranked solo/duo or Flex game, you’ll receive a penalty to LP for the current match and a few following ones. You'll need to play several matches without going AFK again to remove the penalty over time.

  • This penalty is applied to wins and losses, but it cannot take you below 0 LP.
  • If the penalty is active, and causes you not to reach 100 LP when you otherwise would, you will not go to your promotion series.
  • The penalty does not wear off during a promotion series.
  • If an AFK/Leaver in your match receives this penalty, you’ll see a notification about it.
  • You cannot get AFK penalties when Compensation Mode is active.

Consolation LP

If you lose a ranked game where disrupted behavior is detected (such as a teammate being AFK), you'll now earn Consolation LP. Everyone will have a set amount of Consolation LP per week. Should unsavory behavior alert our tech Poros behind-the-scenes, you'll see an animation where the LP loss is normally displayed. We want to ensure that your rank isn't completely affected by forces outside your control. Of course, there are a couple conditions, so here's the breakdown. To earn Consolation LP:

  • You'd need to be on the losing team, and thus at risk for losing LP.
  • Someone else on your team was pinged for unsavory behavior (meaning you won't earn Consolation LP if you go AFK, for example).
    • Party up responsibly. If a player in your premade is marked Leaver or AFK, no one in your party will earn Consolation LP.
  • You still have to have some Consolation LP left. Remember, it's a set amount per week.
  • You can't currently be in a promotion series.

How Transfers Affect Ranked

Ranked standing is unique on each server. You'll need to play a new set of placement games after transferring. The placement will be based on your current MMR relative to the MMR of everyone on that server, so it’s possible that you’ll be in a different tier or division than your original server.

If you return to your previous server, you'll be unranked again. You'll need to play all-new placement matches just like you did when you transferred to a new server.


Master, Grandmaster, and Challenger


  • Master tier has no divisions. There's just a single league with all Master Tier competitors.
  • Inactivity: Master players can "bank" up to ten games. One game is removed per day, and players in this tier lose 250 LP per day whenever their bank is at 0.
  • There's no upper limit on LP. Players that continue winning will keep earning LP and increase their lead in the standings.
  • When a player enters Master Tier, they cannot be removed from Master Tier for three games.

When a player is demoted from Master tier to Diamond:

  • Players demoting out of Master will now always land in Diamond I with 75 LP


  • Grandmaster sits between Master and Challenger; they’re the players closest to reaching Challenger status.
  • The Grandmaster tier works on a rotating twenty-four hour schedule. Each time the clock hits zero, it recalculates all Master+ players. The top Master players with at least 200 LP (who are still below Challenger) are promoted into Grandmaster. Any Grandmasters with higher LP than the lowest Challengers are promoted into Challenger, and those Challengers are demoted.
  • Grandmaster has no divisions. Just a single tier with all Grandmaster competitors.
  • Inactivity: Same as Master, Grandmaster can “bank” up to ten games. One game is removed per day, and players in this tier lose 250 LP per day whenever their bank is at 0.


Only the most elite players in a region will make it into the Challenger tier. Membership in this tier is more strenuously regulated and competition works a little differently:

  • Placement into Challenger is based on a rotating twenty-four hour schedule. Each time the clock hits zero, it will recalculate the top players. The top players with at least 500 LP will enter Challenger. If any Challengers have fallen below the new LP total of Grandmasters, those Challengers will drop into Grandmaster, and those Grandmasters will rise to Challenger.
  • Challenger has no divisions. There's just a single league with all the Challenger tier competitors.
  • Inactivity: Challenger players can "bank" up to ten games. One game is removed per day, and players in this tier lose 250 LP per day whenever their bank is at 0.
  • There's no upper limit on LP. Players that continue winning will keep earning LP and increase their lead in the standings

* Please note: Each region has a different limit on the number of players that can be in Grandmaster and Challenger:

Top Solo/Duo Players

Region Grandmaster Challenger
KR  700  300
EUW  700  300
North American  700  300
EUNE  500  200
Brazil  500  200
Turkey  500  200
Lat Am North  500  200
Lat Am South  500  200
Oceania  100  50
Japan  100  50
Russia  100  50


Top Flex 5v5 Players

Region Grandmaster Challenger
KR 500 200
EUW 500 200
North American 100 50
EUNE 100 50
Brazil 500 200
Turkey 100 50
Lat Am North 100 50
Lat Am South 100 50
Oceania 100 50
Japan 100 50
Russia 100 50


Top TFT Players

Region Grandmaster Challenger
KR  700 300
EUW  500 200
North American  500 200
EUNE  100 50
Brazil  100 50
Turkey  100 50
Lat Am North  500 50
Lat Am South  500 50
Oceania  100 50
Japan  100 50
Russia  100 50



If you’ve ever played a game and gotten a position you didn’t select, you’ve been autofilled. Autofill is activated when one position (usually support) is low in supply during matchmaking. The goal of autofill is to keep queue times reasonable and matchmaking fair.

Avoiding Autofill

First and foremost—autofill will happen to you, eventually. The best way to deal with autofill is to make sure you’re able to comfortably play at least one champion in each position. This is actually just good advice in general—you might be less inclined to blame your jungler if you’ve spent a few games missing your own smites.

The second-best way to manage autofill is to just fill or support once in a while. Remember, autofill only exists because at least one position desperately needs players. Each time you fill, you’re lightening the burden on everyone, and reducing their chances of being autofilled. It’s a quiet heroism, but heroism nonetheless. Filling, whether through autofill or selecting “Fill” as a position, also puts you under the autofill radar for a while, meaning you’ll be guaranteed your primary or secondary position in the next handful of games.

A few more details:

  • You will NOT autofill during your promo series. Be at peace.
  • Dodging doesn’t cure autofill. If you play an autofilled game, you’re immune to autofill for a while and much less likely to autofill for the near future. If you or someone else dodges during an autofilled lobby, you’re just as likely to autofill in your very next game.
  • Unfortunately, /remake will count as a game against autofill protection. This is really rare for how difficult it is to fix, so we’re not currently prioritizing it. Sorry =(
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